The burning of the Library of Alexandria ranks among the worst crimes ever committed against humanity.
The loss of scientific understandings in that of physics and medicine, as well as the loss of cultural and historical documentation and knowledge, and much more, is unlike any other event in recorded history.
Here are the ideas that we are going to explore:
- What is the library of Alexandria?
- What was in the Library?
- Who Burned down the library?
- What Remains?
- Why it is important.
What is The Library of Alexandria?
The Royal Library of Alexandria was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It was built in 288 BCE by Ptolemy I, And was named in honor of their famous barbarian yet intellectual, Alexander “the Great “. The Greek dynasty of the Ptolemies inherited Egypt from Alexander and ruled the country until Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 30 B.C.E.
The Library housed thousands of years of the ancient Kemetic teachings confiscated with its invasion approx 1700 BCE. Items and Information that would have been considered Ancient to them.
It flourished as a hub for the worlds understandings and information to be gathered together throughout the Greek Ptolemaic Dynasty and functioned as a major center of scholarship. With collections of works, lecture halls, meeting rooms, and gardens, the library was part of a larger research institution called the Museum of Alexandria, where many of the most famous thinkers of the ancient world studied.
Again, the Library of Alexandria was more than just a library, it was a research center, a university, and medical school. It existed for almost seven hundred years.
Geologists think it was right on the harbor, and multiple stories. According to ancient sources, the Library of Alexandria was described to have been comprising of a collection of Scrolls, Greek columns, a room for shared dining, a reading room, meeting rooms, Gardens, lecture halls, and essentially the earliest known model of a university campus.
The library itself is known to have had an Acquisitions Department and a Cataloguing Department, and we know that it had a hall containing shelves of collections of papyrus scrolls known as “Biblioteca”.
So how many Scrolls did they have? Of course, nobody actually knows for sure estimates based in size and descriptions are between 400k-700k scrolls were burned to ashes.
The only thing that actually exists today is a basement that’s called seraphim, which is now believed to have not even been at the actual location of the Library of Alexandria itself but an extension of the campus.
What is most interesting about the ancient writings describing the Library of Alexandria, is the extent that they went to gather information and historical and cultural documentation from all over the world.
It had already misappropriated the greatest collection of African teachings but at its peak was acquiring writings of all types in Babylonian, Hebrew, Turkish texts, and more.
There was even a time where ships that came to the harbor were required to hand over all books that they had, as well as documentation and blueprints of ships and any type of technology.
Professional scribes they would make a copy of the exact original, keep the original, and hands a copy over to the owner and they did all this for the purposes of prosperity.
The earliest Greek translation of the Old Testament and the Septuagint was written in the city of Alexandria, and possibly inside the Library itself. Just imagine what else they had in there.
Before we go into details of the destruction of the library,
let’s stop to look again at some of the great minds that studied in Ancient Kemet.
We know the popular ones like Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Socrates, Hippocrates, Homer.
but even the lesser know ones like…
Hipparchus an astronomer and the “founder” of trigonometry who also “discovered” the precession of the equinoxes and map star constellations and was the “first” to establish various brightness levels of stars…
Euclid the most famous teacher of mathematics who was the “founder” of systematized geometry
The medical school established within the Library of Alexandria was established by Herophilus who is known as the father of anatomy
Archimedes for example who’s famous for saying “Eureka! I have found it” or that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line and also his famous quote about giving me a lever long enough and a Falcom to which to place it and I shall move the world
Heron of Alexandria who is a mathematician and it was known and believed to have created the very first working model of a steam engine 2,000 years before James Watts
Eratosthenes who is the very first person to identify that the earth rotated around the Sun and he did so eighteen hundred years before Copernicus and he was also the very first person to find the circumference of the earth and he estimated it correctly to within two hundred miles
These are just a few examples, of just what we know of. One can only imagine who else had visited the Library of Alexandria whose works were just lost into ashes.
Who Burned Down of the Library of Alexandria?
Well first off, It’s been burned down 3 times. The first and most crucial of which was the by Julius Caesar in the year 48 BC. And there recently have been claims that Caesar accidentally burned down the library, as there is an effort to hide the brutality of such a praised barbarian as Julius Caesar.
Under Roman Catholic Rule, Julius Caesar killed everyone they conquered, this is why many people suggest that perhaps the Vatican archives may have hidden knowledge about what happened to the Library of Alexandria or perhaps even ancient scrolls or copies of ancient scrolls that may have survived the fire.
“History is written by those who conquered”
The significance of the loss of the Library of Alexandria cannot be overstated.
Having to re-learn, re-invent, and re-discover what was already know slows progression, and without a doubt set back human civilization and it’s mental growth and progress by at least a thousand years.
What’s in The Vatican Secret Archives deserves an article to itself. But the awareness of this history, what has happened, how it has happened, and what parts continue to happen, will go a long way.
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